Zion National Park
What's up --and Blooming?
All these flowers can be seen from the roads and trails! We want you to enjoy the flowers; photograph them, tell them you love them, BUT please stay on the roads and trails so that you do not trample the plants and/or compact the soil, thus destroying what you seek to admire. Left unmolested, others may also enjoy them, and they can reproduce and still be there for future generations to enjoy and study; and the wildlife will still have the habitat and food upon which their lives depend.
We had some good rain "at the right time", in late winter, so our flowers are already eagerly starting to "do their thing"! Not too many so far, but things are changing fast. Hopefully we will get some April showers to keep things going!
Erigeron pumilus EARLY WHITE DAISY Sunflower Family
An early bloomer, somewhat spreading, with rather narrow leaves; both they and the stems rather hairy. Typical daisy flowers, with many rays in several layers; usually light pink or bluish, rather than white, despite the name. Look for it in the lower areas of Zion Canyon.
Amelanchier utahensis UTAH SERVICEBERRY Rose Family
A deciduous shrub, its flowers come out along with the leaves in early spring; quite showy in full bloom. Its small roundish leaves have serrated tips. The berries are rather small and dry, not much good for food (in contrast to the fleshy ones of the Saskatoon, found at higher elevations here), but Indians made arrow shafts from the branches. Mostly on the dry slopes in Zion Canyon.
PINK TO RED OR RED-VIOLET FLOWERS
Arctostaphylos pungens MANZANITA Heath Family
A shrub of rocky places, mostly in the slickrock areas; the bark is smooth, thin, and reddish, sometimes peeling. Leaves are bright green, thick, roundish; flowers are pink (gradually fading whitish) with anunusual urn shape. Manzanita is Spanish for "little apple:, and this term well describes the fruits. Ours are mostly on the East Side, beyond the long tunnel.
Astragalus zionis ZION MILKVETCH Pea Family
A low spreading plant having compound leaves with many pairs of opposite rather silvery (and hairy) leaflets. Its flowers are typical pea ones, red violet with white markings in the throat. Very attractive! Look for it in sandy spots from Coalpits Wash up into the slickrock; one of our earliest bloomers.
Astragalus argophyllus, SILVER-LEAVED MILKVETCH, is very similar & nearly impossible to distinguish until the seed pods appear, but prefers higher elevations with better soil, so haven't seen any of these yet this year.
Castilleja species PAINTBRUSH Snapdragon Family
The traditional "Indian Paintbrush" of one or a few stems and bright red (on ours) "flowers", which are actually bracts. The flowers are the pointy green things sometimes seen protruding slightly from inside the bracts.
Castilleja chromosa, EARLY PAINTBRUSH, has bright scarlet "flowers". It is usually the first of our paintbrushes to bloom, and really brightens the landscape. The foliage is also often reddish, especially early in the season.
Castilleja scabrida, SLICKROCK PAINTBRUSH, grows out of slickrock crevices; so look for it in the slickrock on the east side of Zion, a little later.
Castilleja linearifolia, WYOMING PAINTBRUSH, has orange-red "flowers"; it starts blooming in the spring, continues growing (and blooming) on through the summer and into the fall, by which time it has usually become quite tall and gangly. Found mostly in Zion Canyon.
Erodium cicutarium RED-STEMMED FILAREE Geranium Family
A ground-cover plant often found in disturbed areas. The flowers are small, red-violet, and are followed by typical long narrow "stork's bill" seed pods. A favorite food of the endangered Desert Tortoise. Common on the Canyon bottom for most of the year but most prolific in spring.
Ranunculus andersonii juniperinus SAND BUTTERCUP Buttercup Family
A small ground-hugging plant; its gray-green leaves, divided into tongue-shaped divisions, are all at the base. Flowers are on short leafless stems, and have glossy reddish petals. It likes sandy areas and is a very early bloomer, usually in sandy areas on the East Side (Slickrock) area.
Rumex crispus WILD RHUBARB, CURLY DOCK Buckwheat Family
The rusty-reddish flowers of this plant are small but many, and funny-looking. The leaves are typical rhubarb-type with wavy crisped edges; their petioles (the edible "stems") are shorter than on the cultivated ones but can be used in the same way. Found in the flats in the lower Canyon.
YELLOW OR ORANGE FLOWERS
Cryptantha confertiflora YELLOW FORGET-ME-NOT Borage Family
A quite hairy plant with narrow green leaves and small bright yellow flowers in a "scorpion's tail" head. Look for it especially along the Watchman Trail and in Coalpits Wash in early spring.
Encelia frutescens var. virginensis BUSH ENCELIA Composite Family
A rather small rounded shrub with whitish stems and very rough leaves with short stiff hairs; both ray and disk flowers are yellow. Look for it on gravelly, rocky, deserty slopes such as the lower Watchman Trail.
Erysimum asperum WESTERN WALLFLOWER Mustard Family
This plant may be a foot tall or occasionally more, generally unbranched; its large clusters of bright yellow four-petaled flowers have a delicate but very pleasant lilac scent when newly opened. Larger than Draba, and has leaves on the stem.
Mahonia fremontii FREMONT BARBERRY Barberry Family
A shrub with stiff very prickly hollylike leaves and bright yellow flowers; quite spectacular in flower. It is found along Highway 9, mostly near the base of Hurricane Mesa, about 15 miles west of Zion.
Really putting on a great show this year.
BLUE OR PURPLE FLOWERS
Chorispora tenella MUSK MUSTARD Mustard Family
A small plant with blue-purple four-petaled flowers. Tends to have a musky scent, although this is usually hard to pick up. Found in disturbed area along trails and floodplain meadows in the canyon bottom.
If you came into Zion from the west, you no doubt noticed a lot of blooming fruit trees.
Many of our trees are deciduous, and most of the deciduous ones are wind-pollinated. This means that the flowers are usually pretty "basic", often consisting only of a stamen and/or a pistil; these are generally not showy. They include:
Acer negundo var. interior BOXELDER Maple Family: has rather mapley leaves. The flowers are the odd-looking stringy reddish things you see hanging down. They are soon followed by the typical two-winged maple seed pods.
Fraxinus velutina VELVET ASH Olive Family: has compound leaves with usually 5 or 7 leaflets. The leaves are still quite tiny; no flowers yet. Ashes have single winged seed pods shaped rather like a long teardrop.
Populus fremontii FREMONT COTTONWOOD Willow Family: found mainly along the Virgin River; The leaves are shaped rather like those of the closely related quaking aspen, but are much wider. They bloom before they leaf out, leaving the ground covered with fallen blossoms.
We also have several species of non-deciduous trees, including
Juniperus spp. JUNIPER Cypress Family: Pines and junipers do not really flower; they produce their seeds in cones. The brownish tips on the branches n the junipers now are the male cones, filled with pollen. Soon the fleshy bluish-gray female cones, commonly called "Juniper berries", will begin to develop. (The female cones visible on some of the trees now are last year's crop; they take two years to mature.) We have two species:
Juniperus osteosperma UTAH JUNIPER: relatively small but sturdy-looking. We have LOTS of these!
Juniperus scopulorum ROCKY MOUNTAIN JUNIPER: larger but much more delicate-looking, with smaller leaves and cones. Found in relatively cool shady places such as north-facing slopes in Emerald Pools Canyon.